How To Vote In India: Step-By-Step Guide


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How To Vote In India
How To Vote In India

how to vote in India: If you just turned 18,  and you’re excited about your first vote, but you don’t know how to actually give your vote then this article is for you because this article will be explaining to you how to give your vote in a very simple 10 step method.

But before that, it is very important to know if you are eligible to give your vote because just turning 18 is not enough to fit the eligibility criteria for voting in India.

Who is Eligible to Vote in India?

how to vote in India: The Constitution of India gives the right to vote to every citizen who has attained the age of 18 years. However, just turning 18 does not entitle you to vote. For this, you will have to get your name added to the voter list and also have a voter ID card. If there is not one thing in both, then you will not be able to be a part of the biggest festival of democracy. So you still have time. Before the next election, get your voter ID card made by adding your name to the voter list.

Who is Ineligible to Vote in India?

how to vote in India.

  1. Such persons against whom the charges of whitewashing have been proved under Section 171E of the Indian Penal Code.
  2. Section 171F of the Indian Penal Code can prevent a person who has an undue influence from participating in the vote.
  3. Those convicted under 171F have also been barred from voting.
  4. Those convicted under Section 125, Section 135, and 136 of the People’s Act also cannot vote.
  5. If a person has a name in two constituencies then he is also considered ineligible.

How to Vote in India Step-By-Step Guide

How to vote in India.

  1. First of all the polling will check your name on the official voter list. After this, your ID proof will be checked. So don’t forget to carry ID proof while going to cast your vote.
  2. Voter ID card in ID proof, Passport, Driving license, ID card of Central or State Government employees, Photo ID card issued by public limited companies. Passbook with photograph issued by bank or post office, PAN card, Smart card issued by RGI under NPR, MGNREGA job card, Health insurance smart card issued by Ministry of Labor, Pension documents with photograph, MPs/MLAs/ Official ID card and Aadhar card issued for MLCs.
  3. After this, the polling official will apply the ink to your finger and also get you to sign on a register (Form 17A).
  4. After this, you will have to deposit your slip with the third polling official and show your inked finger. After that, you will go to the booth.
  5. By going to the booth, you will press the button in front of the election symbol of the candidate for whom you want to vote in the EVM. When the button is pressed, a beep will be heard.
  6. You will see a slip in the display installed in the VVPAT machine. In this, the name and image along with the serial number of the candidate will appear for 7 seconds.
  7. If you do not want to vote for any candidate present here, then you can use the NOTA button. This is the last button in the EVM machine.
  8. It is forbidden to take mobile phones, cameras, etc. inside the polling booth.
  9. No one else can come in your place by casting your vote.
  10. If you want more information than this, then you can go to and see.

Right to Vote is a Legal right or a constitutional right?

how to vote in India: The right to vote is a legal right and not a constitutional right. However, there is some confusion regarding this question. The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission has considered it a constitutional right.

The Public Service Commission, Uttar Pradesh has considered this probably because the word adult franchise has been used in Article 326 of the Constitution, but this article needs to be read carefully.

Article 326 provides that “Elections to the House of the People and the Legislative Assembly shall be on the basis of adult suffrage”. But further, this article also says that this right can be exercised only when a person –

be a citizen of India
has been declared by law to be an adult and
has not been declared disqualified by any law.
From this point of view, the right to vote proves to be a constitutional right. But as we know the supreme authority to interpret the constitution is reserved with the Supreme Court.

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